Define Reggaeton Webster Dictionary
One of the most revered arbiters of American English (much to the chagrin, no doubt, of the publishers of the Oxford version) has released a list of more than 100 words they’ve just added to the Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary.
The 2009 version will not only reflect the creeping of environmental terms into the lexicon, but also increased recognition of Internet vocabulary.
Instead, the publisher that has been shaping the American language since Noah Webster released his first dictionary (sans book tour) in 1828 has added terminology such as webisode (an episode especially of a TV show that may or may not have been telecast but can be viewed at a Web site) and vlog (a blog that contains video material).
Years of environmental discourse has pushed terms such as carbon footprint (the negative impact that something (as a person or business) has on the environment), green-collar (of, relating to, or involving actions for protecting the natural environment; jobs) and locavore (one who eats foods grown locally whenever possible) into the word list, where they will be joined by political lingo like earmark (a provision in Congressional legislation that allocates a specified amount of money for a specific project, program, or organization) and waterboarding (an interrogation technique in which water is forced into a detainee's mouth and nose so as to induce the sensation of drowning).
Pop culture get its props, represented in the 11th edition of the Collegiate by jargon that includes frenemy (one who pretends to be a friend but is actually an enemy), flash mob (group of people summoned - as by e-mail or text message - to a designated location at a specified time to perform an indicated action before dispersing), Reggaeton (popular music of Puerto Rican origin that combines rap with Caribbean rhythms) and staycation (a vacation spent at home or nearby).
John Morse, president and publisher of MW’s Collegiate, told the Associated Press that many of the words being added in 2009 have been used for years.
“These are not new words in the language, by any means,” Morse told the AP. “(But) when words like ‘neuroprotective’ and ‘cardioprotective’ show up in the Collegiate, it’s because we’ve made the judgment that these are not just words used by specialists. ... These really are words now likely to show up in The New York Times, in The Wall Street Journal.”
Neuroprotective, by the way, is defined as serving to protect neurons from injury or degeneration, and cardioprotective, obviously, as serving to protect the heart.
Physiatry, the practice of physical medicine and rehabilitation, for example, was first used in print in 1947, but was among the 100-plus added this year. Sock puppet (a false online identity used for deceptive purposes), Shawarma (a sandwich especially of sliced lamb or chicken, vegetables, and often tahini wrapped in pita bread) and Pharmacogenetics (the study of how genetic differences among individuals cause varied responses to a drug) have also been used for decades.
(Click here for a list of select words and the year in which Merriam-Webster researchers first found them used in an English-language publication)
According to Merriam-Webster researchers, one of the words to watch for a future edition is a term used in India among English-speaking Indians: prepone. It is the opposite of postpone, referring to the arranging of an event to take place earlier than originally planned.
I move we push for mainstreamentia – a term used to describe the progressive condition of mainstream media’s deteriorating cognitive function and emotional apathy in covering our elected officials.